“Both the challenge of Revolutionary Iran and the response of other Middle Eastern states to Iran’s challenge are multidimensional,” wrote Professor Ramazani in his authoritative book on Islamic Iran’s foreign policy and its regional repercussions. Therefore, he went on, “an exclusive emphasis on the military, ideological, or political [and, one might add, the economical] aspects of these phenomena will not adequately explain them.” 1 This general observation is particularly true in the case of the Iranian-Syrian relationship.