A major theme of this volume is that the New Israel, which emerged since Begin's Second Republic, is becoming or has already become a binational state. The policies espoused by the Herut wing of Likud served to diminish the Jewish exclusivity of the country by assuring that Israel will be not only demographically, but culturally and ideologically binational. As a result, the Arab population, within and beyond the Green Line, has become more aggressive in pursuit of its national rights and more resistant to attempts by Zionist ideologues to deny Israel's binational character.