Famine is the final stage of a complex set of ecological, economic, social and political processes. To understand famine, it is not only necessary to analyze the historical processes, but the current macro-economic and political influences on food supplies, as well as the micro-dynamics of the impact of the response to food scarcity. This chapter focuses on the social and cultural complexity of the micro-level responses and the relationship to macro-level developments. The objective is to analyze changes in labor input, income, and wealth, and their influence on gender and other social inequalities.