This study deals with the formation of the martyrology of the Roman Republic and the political use made—from the Risorgimento to the Fascist era—of the remains of the volunteers who fell on the Janiculum in 1849. The key moments of the conservation and translation of the remains of the heroes are recreated, and an analysis made of the complicated recomposition of the memory of the fallen, such as attempts to build a pantheon of the democrats (to which Garibaldi made an important contribution) and the subsequent re-appropriations by the Fascist patriotic liturgy. In this series of actions many subjects—comrades in arms, associations, militant doctors—played a role in opposing political parties and media operations.