Although Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) was neither an original nor a consistent thinker, his blend of fascism and racism proved to be one of the most potent ideological forces in history. The following selections are from Hitler’s autobiography, Mein Kampf (“My Battle”), most of which he wrote in 1924 while imprisoned for leading an attempt to overthrow the government of the German province of Bavaria. The selections reveal Hitler’s racial ideas, his anti-Semitism, his hatred of socialism and liberalism, and other ideas that he and the National Socialists (or Nazis, for short) put into practice once they gained power in Germany in 1933.