After decades of political turbulence, autocratic rule and ethnopolitical conflict, Myanmar is in the midst of a thorny peace process. This volume describes the contributions of women to that peace process and reflects on the significance of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda in the context of Myanmar. It does so by exploring the gendered nature of Burmese politics and investigating the everyday consequences of gendered policymaking, presenting research findings from Myanmar. Taking a step back from the normative perspective of the United Nations and multilateral agencies, we describe and discuss the ground realities we have found in the ‘terrain’ of Myanmar, in light of the ‘Women, Peace and Security map’.