Sport for Development and Peace (SDP) has been commonly referred to as ‘the intentional use of sport, physical activity and play to attain specific development objectives in low- and middle-income countries and disadvantaged communities in high-income settings’. The SDP movement is an international one with many of its organisations and key stakeholders located within the richer, global North. Situating complexities of SDP ownership within a number of contexts is vitally important and this chapter seeks to reflect historical, social, political and economic conditions in contexts which have significant implications for ownership in respect of SDP.