Nationalism found its highest expression in the word ‘German’, which as adjective became the adjective, and as subject became the capital noun per se. Whatever was ‘German’ remained unequalled, whatever was unequalled was called ‘German’. Irrationalism, 1 Storm and Stress and Romanticism had discovered the particular importance of the German folk song, the German Gothic, the German forest and the German fairy tale; however, with the exception of some excesses, they had remained conscious of the pluralism and plural voices of peoples. German national literature was considered only as a branch of the ‘great tree’ of literature.