This chapter seeks to identify, analyze, and reflect on resistance strategies in the Afro-Quilombola traditional territory, Sapê do Norte, and among fishers in the southern part of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Impacted by Petrobras’ petroleum extraction and Suzano Celulose’s industrial eucalyptus plantations, the Retoma Quilombola community of Cantagalo struggles to continue their way of life. The communities simultaneously organize to stop petroleum expansion and resume and reconvert the areas invaded by eucalyptus monoculture into small-scale traditional farms. Both communities face the causes, consequences, and false solutions to the climate crisis as they point toward alternative transition pathways that include community-based traditional agriculture that uplifts cultural traditions.