The politics of social justice has long constituted an important aspect of Nordic identity. This moral and political imperative has been expressed not only at the national level; it has also been projected onto the world stage. Thus, the Nordic countries have become famous both for their domestic welfare states and for being, in a global context, ‘moral superpowers’. The dual commitment to expansive social investments at home and human rights and ambitious development projects across the globe were long seen as two aspects of a single, unified commitment to a basic egalitarian, universal ideal of equal opportunity, fairness, and social solidarity.