Since Deng Xiaoping snatched the Chinese leadership from Hua Guofeng in December 1978, China's economic reforms have gone hand in hand with demaoization. And they have gone much further under this banner than Khrushchev's reforms ever did under that of destalinization. That is to say that Deng's political and ideological return to orthodoxy, as it existed in China during the 1940s and 1950s, has been coupled with structural changes unparalleled in the Soviet Union or, for that matter, in China before 1978.