The most difficult issues related to the role of the prosecutor in transitions to democracy arise with respect to abuses by security forces that operate with relative autonomy, and my own observations will focus on the challenges posed by those situations. To be more specific, I will address the peculiar challenges that a prosecutor confronts when investigating such abuses during the volatile period of transition from military rule to democratic governance and will consider the prosecutor's dilemma from the vantage point of international law and policy.