The central and unifying theme of this book is the origins and consequences of inequality at work. Most chapters focus on OHS, a key but often neglected aspect of the experience of work which also has wider ramifications for the health of communities. This chapter is not a summary of the contributions but rather explores the inter-linkages between the chapters in terms of inequality and a number of associated sub-themes including the importance of seeing inequality in historical context and the inter-relationship between regulation and work organisation. It underscores the importance of placing these research and policy debates in a wider societal context.