Manfred Nowak and Anna Müller-Funk observe in Chapter 15 that the human rights situation in Europe in particular and the world in general was better when FRA began its activities in 2007 than it is today. Since then, we have witnessed a huge financial crisis, a major migration crisis, and the rise of populist and nationalist movements in a significant number of Member States. The authors consider how FRA could respond to these developments. Should its mandate be expanded so that EU institutions can directly use its growing body of knowledge to further promote fundamental rights? Or should the Agency continue to operate as a think tank, capitalizing on its role linking civil society and policymakers? Nowak and Müller-Funk weigh the pros and cons of both options.