The purpose of this paper is to examine economic and policy issues related to the use of earth-orbiting satellites to produce goods and services vital to mankind. The nature of the goods and services that could be provided by earth-orbiting satellites will be reviewed, along with economic issues such as costs, benefits, and the market for the goods and services. The interaction between the public and private sectors in the development and ownership of the systems which could produce the goods and services will also be discussed.