China's strategy for technological modernization is to "concentrate all forces to fight a battle of annihilation." Since 1977, the country's economic planners have made a series of decisions to implement this strategy. Having identified energy, raw materials, communications, and transport as "weak links" restricting industrial growth, 1 a high priority is given to the equipping of these sectors with more efficient technologies. The reason for focusing initial efforts on these critical sectors is to enable China's industry to attain advanced world levels of productivity as quickly as possible and to catch up with technological advances made elsewhere during the past ten years. Accordingly, the State Planning Commission has catalogued some sixty "new techniques" for dissemination to "key points throughout the country" by 1980. 2