ABSTRACT

I would like to focus on two basic points, the rural-urban dichotomy and the whole question of "What is technology?" Rudi Volti rightly points out the existence of a basic distinction between urban and village technologies. It must be remembered that the rural sector constitutes 70 or 80 percent of China's society and economy. Hence, rural industrialization will continue to be important as an adjunct to agricultural production and as an employment-generating device. However, this does not necessarily mean, as Volti has implied, that rural development in China is bound to be fundamental for decades to come. The rural sector is a very different world and has an entirely different set of problems than that of the urban sector.