Environmental impact statements have traditionally provided soil profile descriptions and information on erosion and compaction hazards. Some studies have examined the deterioration of stream water quality associated with land uses, but little attention has been paid to the impacts of land use on long-term soil productivity. If we can accept that soil provides a significant resource for the growth of plants, then we must also accept the responsibility for ecologically sound soil management in ecosystems. It is essential to recognize that different land uses make varying demands on the soil resource.