There may be a persuasive North-South case for raising the annual flow of U.S.-originating overseas development assistance to India by as much as $1.8 billion in 1977 dollars over the next four years. If the Indians themselves take the needed initiatives, such augmented transfers could help them adopt a high-growth, highequity strategy in a way that would energize efforts at the local level. But the aid program would have to pick its way through politically treacherous terrain.