The dominant constraint of Egyptian agriculture has been its limited land base. With the completion of the Aswan Dam in 1963, adequate year-round water supplies became available for Egyptian farms and, except for site-specific instances, removed water as a constraint to agriculture. Under these circumstances, it is easy to see why major efforts have been underway for over a decade to reclaim “New Lands.” However, progress in creating economically profitable units has been painfully slow. As a consequence, much attention has been focused on “intensification,” the full development of the potential of the “01d Lands.”