War in Bosnia, rioting in the United States, attacks on foreigners in the unified Germany—today as ever, prejudice and ignorance are causing argument, alienation, and death. As recent history has thrown the people and nations of the world dramatically closer together, old distrusts and anxieties have been awakened in countries and peoples both new to and familiar with democratic communal life. One common method of dealing with these tensions among populations is for government to legislate against particular types of discrimination. This chapter will look at the efforts of two countries that have attempted to do just that, the United States and Germany.