Concerned with the continuing military build-up in the Soviet Union, American policy makers, officials, and observers began to take a closer look in the 1980s at the military implications of East-West trade and technology transfer. The Reagan administration argued that the Soviet military effort was benefitting significantly from the acquisition of U.S. and Western technology. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger warned that the Soviets "have organized a massive, systematic effort to get advanced technology from the West. The purpose is to support the Soviet military buildup." 1