In the wake of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and then of the suppression of liberty in Poland, two successive American Administrations vainly sought European support to restrict East-West trade. The resulting disagreements have left an unfortunate residue. In America, many believe that Europe subordinates long-term strategy and even security to short-term domestic politics; in Europe, many argue that America seeks to play for geopolitical stakes with European chips, risking the domestic cohesion of friendly countries without ourselves making equivalent sacrifices, as the lifting of the grain embargo suggests.