The United States and its Allies traditionally have relied on the technological superiority of their weapons to preserve a credible counterforce to the quantitative superiority of the Warsaw Pact. But that technical superiority is eroding as the Soviet Union and its Allies introduce more and more sophisticated weaponry - weapons that all too often are manufactured with the direct help of Western technology. Stopping the Soviets' extensive acquisition of military-related Western technology - in ways that are both effective and appropriate in our open society - is one of the most complex and urgent issues facing the Free World today.