General Secretary Gorbachev has embarked on a massive reform program, the final goal of which is to overcome the crisis of social, political and economic life in the Soviet Union, to regenerate the Marxist-Leninist system (which the Soviets do not renounce) and to restore people’s confidence in the system and in their leaders. Undoubtedly, the fundamental aim is to overcome the economic crisis. To do so, reform of the political structures is essential, as is the need to eliminate the moral crisis (e.g., corruption and alcoholism) that has rendered the Soviet population largely apathetic.