The quaint village of Nevada City, California, is an icon for the problem of growth and change in the wildland-urban interface of California. In the beginning a lively mining town, then a prosperous lumbering center, its charming historical downtown and Victorian homes are today the county seat of one of the fastest growing regions in North America. This is the western slope of the Sierra Nevada mountain range. The USDA Forest Service headquarters for the Tahoe National Forest is a quarter mile from the modern county center where the Nevada County Board of Supervisors recently chose the highest population growth alternative of five scenarios presented to them by the county planning commission.