In his great Atoms for Peace address to the United Nations, Dwight Eisenhower electrified the world with his call to all nations to join together to halt the buildup of nuclear armaments and put the atom to work for human betterment. Few, if any, addresses have ever done so much to raise the world's hopes for a future filled with promise rather than peril. Thirty years have now passed since the historic initiative. We have seen the growth of a nuclear power industry to the point where nuclear generated electricity makes significant contributions to energy production in several nations of the world. The IAEA was created to support this purpose and, despite its political controversies, has allowed the world to take advantage of the good that nuclear power has to offer.