When President Eisenhower made his famous Atoms for Peace speech, the future of nuclear energy was anything but clear. The world had at that time already been introduced to the horrible potential of atoms for war, and nuclear science was shrouded in secrecy by a few countries advanced in its technological development. President Eisenhower suggested that this secrecy should be replaced with a program of international cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy to be carried out under the auspices of an international agency.