To enumerate the most important events in the history of the peaceful uses of atomic energy, I would start with the 1945 Smyth report on Atomic Energy for Military Purposes, then continue with President Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" speech of 1953, and end with the NPT of 1968. Another important event, the passing of the NNPA by the U.S. Congress in 1978, did not foster international nuclear cooperation and development in the same way as the three events I have just mentioned, but it did have an impact on technology transfer, trade, and international cooperation in the field of nuclear energy.