This chapter explores how the EU's development policy incorporates women into development. It aims to examine whether development policies have a differentiated impact according to gender and what are the implications of development policies which make assumptions about the structure of society in recipient countries. Women were chosen as the focus for analysis since of those living below the poverty line world wide, 60 per cent are women (UN 1991: 4; Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs: 152). This analysis is therefore also relevant for examining the implications for poverty alleviation.