This chapter examines the interface between religion and human security in South Africa. It describes the context in which religion is supposed to ignite hope and security. It contends that insecurity in South Africa is informed by the history of discrimination and alienation of the black majority. Further, religion was integral to the policies that sought to dehumanise black people in South Africa. The chapter discusses how democracy was supposed to transform the lives of the majority in a decisive way and to usher in an era of prosperity and security. However, this has not happened. The chapter proposes a more critical approach to religion and human security.