Jean-Luc Nancy is without a doubt one of the main authors in the continental debate that takes up the task to think of community beyond the one. In this chapter, the author first discusses the ongoing stakes of Nancy’s original thinking of “inoperative community” today, together with the thinking of “being-in-common” that arises from it, and asks how the problems that have arisen in the wake of this thinking can help us to respond philosophically and politically to the resurgence of identitarian conceptions of community across the contemporary world. Moving alongside and then beyond Nancy, in discussion also with the “non-philosophy” of François Laruelle and the resources it offers for a rethinking of politics, it argues for an understanding of a radically immanent “open community” which would motivate a politics that would place itself in decisive opposition to such identitarian conceptions of community.