On the eve of the First World War, the Austrian Crownland of Tyrol consisted of the present-day Austrian province of North Tyrol and the Italian Autonomous Provinces of South Tyrol and Trento. The first two were overwhelmingly populated by German speakers; Trento overwhelmingly by Italian speakers. The linguistic border was clearly marked, and coincided with the border between (South) Tyrol and Trento at the Salurn Pass.