This chapter is an exploration of how the acceptance of pluralism should influence the aims of moral education. One alternative to pluralism is relativism, according to which all values are conventional and incapable of objective justification beyond the context in which they are held. If this were so, moral education would be the teaching of conformity to the prevailing values of a society. Monism is another alternative to pluralism. According to it, there is a system of objectively justifiable values all rational and sufficiently informed people would accept, regardless of the historical and social variations of the contexts in which they live. Moral education, according to this view, would be the teaching of the one true system of values. Both relativistic and monistic moral education are forms of indoctrination and are anathema to pluralistic societies.