During the Black Power Movement, Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) and the Congress of African People (CAP) provided an important window into the international dimensions of the black freedom struggle of the 1960s. Black Power organizations such as the Black Panther Party, National Welfare Rights Organization, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the League of Revolutionary Black Workers, the African Liberation Support Committee, the National Black Political Assembly (NBPA), and the Congress of African People served as vital links between the local struggle for Black Power and the global fight for African Liberation. This chapter explores Amiri Baraka’s politics during his leadership in the Congress of African People, especially his political trajectory between his arrest at the so-called United Nations Riot in 1961 and his rise to national leadership at the Gary Convention in March 1972.