In this chapter we present a panorama of the press coverage of science and technology in Latin America. We looked at seven newspapers and analyzed all 482 stories published by their science sections in April 2004. The newspapers were: La Nación in Argentina; El Mercurio in Chile; Mural in Mexico; El Comercio in Ecuador; O Globo, Folha de S. Paulo and Jornal do Commercio (Pernambuco) in Brazil. There are few studies on science journalism in Latin America and even fewer that attempt a comparison among countries. We believe that studies such as ours can lead to improved journalistic coverage of science and technology in the region.