ABSTRACT

The twentieth century was the century of Marxism. Regimes claiming the name covered much of the globe: Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Benin, Bulgaria, China, Congo, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau and Cape verde, Hungary, Kampuchea, Laos, Mongolia, Mozambique, North Korea, Poland, Romania, Somalia, the Soviet Union, Vietnam, Yemen and Yugoslavia all boasted Marxist governments for periods in the twentieth century. Hundreds of political organizations and parties proclaimed themselves to be Marxist or Marxist inspired, including, to name but a few, the British Communist Party, the Communist Party of the United States of America, the South African Communist Party, International Workers of the World, the Fourth International, the Khmer Rouge and Sendero Luminoso.