Forgoing ideological dogmatism for economic pragmatism and pushing for modernization through education and the development of science and technology, China has registered double-digit growth in gross domestic product (GDP) for nearly two decades since the policy of economic reform and opening to the world was adopted in 1978. As the country’s burgeoning economy is merging with the trend of globalization, the country is also culturally, socially, and politically engaging in global interactions. In the era of rapid domestic and international transformation, minority cultures are meeting majority culture (in China, the Han culture) and global culture more intensively and extensively than ever. In this process what will happen to minority cultures that are less advantaged? How can Chinese minorities sustain their distinct cultures while interacting with the mainstream culture and the global trend? In what ways are minority educational institutions trying to deal with the challenges of globalization?