In this chapter the focus is on the construct of self-regulation and the significant impact it can have on learning. Self-regulation implies learners are actively engaged in defining their learning and monitoring its progress. Effective self-regulation involves a repertoire of strategies that will help learners take charge of their own learning. Goals should be set in advance and should be attainable. The theoretical underpinning of this chapter is the TRPP (theory, research, principles and practice) cyclical model. A number of studies are cited to substantiate the argument that students who self-regulate achieve more than those who do not. Teachers can act as role models for the students until the process becomes automatic for the latter.