Ever since the Schuman declaration of 9 May, 1950, the relationship between European integration and the German question has been a dialectical one for France. On the one hand, the former was a response to the latter: although there were other motivations as well – strengthening the Western bloc against the backdrop of the worsening Cold War was obviously a key dimension – the Schuman Plan, for Paris, essentially aimed at assuaging the German problem through European integration, a goal which remained central to French European policies thereafter. On the other hand, from the1950s onwards, French attitudes vis-à-vis the German question were increasingly influenced by the positive effects of FrancoGerman reconciliation and by the reassuring perspective of the ‘construction’ of Europe.