Anti-Americanism has been a feature of Australian discourse, identity and political life since the nineteenth century. It has been manifested in anxiety about the ‘Americanization’ of local culture, identity, values and public policies; in stereotypes and ridicule about Americans and American society; and in criticism of US foreign policies and particular administrations. Indeed, anti-American sentiment is commonplace in Australia, and while it sometimes fl ares up in popular protests and demonstrations, a kind of low-level anti-Americanism can be found easily in day-to-day conversations in classrooms and workplaces; on the airwaves of talk-back radio; in the letters and op-ed pages of newspapers and across the electronic media more generally; and within the public service and government.