The National Centre for e-Social Science (NCeSS) was established by the U.K. Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) in 2004 as its contribution to the U.K. e-science program. NCeSS’s mission is to enable social scientists to exploit innovations in digital infrastructure so that they are able to address key challenges in their substantive research fi elds in new ways. This infrastructure, known as the ‘Grid’ or increasingly commonly as ‘e-Infrastructure’ (or ‘Cyberinfrastructure’ in the U.S.), comprises networked, interoperable, service-oriented, scalable computational tools and services.