Australia has diered in more than a dozen ways from the more conventional cases of genocide-in its historical context, its system of governance, in time span, scale, pace, methods, nature of the perpetrators, the almost total absence of trials (apart from a few cases of murder), the defense of good intent motivating forcible child removals, the late admissions of responsibility, the even later apologies, the refusal (except in Tasmania) to consider reparations, and the nature of the denialism. is case also tells us something about the criminal acts dened in Article(s) II(b) and II(c) of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, and touches on complicity and conspiracy in genocide (Article III).