The purpose of this chapter is twofold: to provide a comparative analysis of the situation of Indians in two widely different national settings, namely, Malaysia and Trinidad, and to explore the interplay and the relative significance of such factors as race relations, ethnicity, class, and culture in defining the varying identity of the Indians in the two countries. In particular, the chapter seeks to answer the following questions:

i. Why is it that a race relations framework is utilizable in Trinidad whereas ethnicity defines and locates the situation of Indians in Malaysia?