South Korea, traditionally classifi ed as a single ethnic-group nation, is becoming an ethnically and racially diverse society due to the signifi cant increase in foreign migrant workers and international marriages. In response to the emerging racial and ethnic diversity in South Korea, the educational issues resulting from the diversity have become of growing interest in the country’s public education system. Specifi cally, in 2006, the Ministry of Education and local education offi ces took an interest in the ethnically and racially diverse student population, and began to develop policies and support plans to address the new needs. Educational researchers also became interested in the ethnic and racial minorities. In addition, some public schools located in areas with migrant workers and international marriage minority populations began to develop curricula according to their needs.