The concept of bullying in a union-represented workplace has evolved into popular urban legend that has been promulgated and exaggerated since the passage of the National Labor Relations Act (NRLA; Wagner Act) in 1935. Whether it is Marlon Brando’s heroic struggles in On the Waterfront or Jack Nicholson’s portrayal of Jimmy Hoffa in Hoffa, the Hollywood view of the unionized workplace as an environment of bullying and strong-arm tactics has permeated the popular culture to a point in which simply the word “Teamsters” (International Brotherhood of Teamsters; labor union) conjures for many a totally inaccurate vision of management-labor relations.