In comparison to the extensive study of childhood bullying conducted within the last few decades, the investigation of such behavior in the workplace has been less thorough, as many of the studies to date have simply focused upon the correlates and consequences of perpetration and victimization. In fact, there have been only a few publications that have presented broad theoretical frameworks for understanding workplace bullying. In one such article, White (2004) presented a psychodynamic explanation for workplace bullying, suggesting that perpetrators and victims often unconsciously manage their anxieties through the dynamics of a bully-victim relationship.