The genocide of the black Africans of Darfur, Sudan, by the government of Sudan (GoS) troops and Janjaweed 1 (Arab militia) began in early 2003. Although the process of killing (bombings from airplanes, automatic weapons fire, the torching of villages and their inhabitants), the poisoning of wells, and forcing the victim population from their villages and homes has remained constant over the years, the rate and extent of the killing ebbed and flowed greatly as the GoS engaged in brinkmanship with the international community. The height of the killing took place between early 2003 and early 2005. Additional deaths resulted from “genocide by attrition.” To date, it is estimated that over 250,000 people have been killed and/or perished as a result starvation, dehydration, and unattended injuries. 2