Solution-focused therapy is an intervention approach that has been described and applied in a wide variety of situations (see de Shazer, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991a, 1994; Berg, 1994a; Berg & Miller, 1992; Berg & Reuss, 1997; DeJong & Berg. 1997; Dolan, 1991; George, Iveson, & Ratner, 1990; S. D. Miller & Berg, 1995; S. D. Miller, Hubble, & Duncan, 1996; J. J . Murphy, 1998; Walter & Peller, 1992). Initially, the approach emerged in an inductive manner; that is, from studying what clients and therapists did which preceded their declaring problems "solved." It was noticed that problems were described as "solved" (or resolved, dissolved, or no longer

144 Some Stories Are Better Than Others

problems) when clients began to engage in new and different perceptions and behaviors vis-a-vis the presenting difficulty. This recognition led to de Shazer's "basic rules" of solution-focused therapy (see Hoyt, 1996c, p. 68):

l. If it ain't broke, don't fix it. 2. Once you know what works, do more of it. 3. If it doesn't work, don't do it again; do something different.