This article offers a framework for the design of learning environments that takes culture explicitly into account. This article situates a rationale for the framework based on research in the learning sciences, cultural psychology, and cultural-historical-activity theory. The Cultural Modeling Framework is offered as an example of a culturally responsive approach to design. This article makes an explicit argument for the function of culturally responsive design in computer-based tools. It illustrates culturally responsive design in technology and its consequences for student learning.